Ecological and Social Risks


NRM N5160 Ecological and Social Risks
Exam Code 5160
Credit Points 5 ECTS
Term Winter
Module Coordination Dr. Udo Nehren
Lecturers Dr. Udo Nehren, Prof. Johannes Hamhaber, Prof. Dr. Alexander Fekete
Workload (h) 50 Attendance 100 Self-Study
Prerequisites none
Intended Learning Outcome Students are able to analyze ecological and social risks from different scientific and practical perspectives by using approaches from natural, social and engineering sciences, such as valuation of protecting ecosystem services, community-based assessments, cost-benefit analysis, legal framework analysis, and spatial planning tools to develop innovative and efficient solutions for risk reduction.
Content Block I: Elements of Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Introduction to DRR
  • Global data on risk, disasters and ecosystems
  • Linking climate change adaptation and DRR
  • Modelling risk, vulnerability and sustainable development
  • Coping capacities and concept of resilience
  • Disaster preparedness and prevention
  • Relief, recovery and reconstruction
  • Data and tools for vulnerability assessments
  • Data and tools for risk assessments
  • Constructing your own risk map and VCA

Block II: Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction

  • Linking global environmental problems and disasters
  • Linking sustainable development, disasters and environment
  • Major eco-zones, hazards and impact on population
  • Ecosystem Services for vulnerability reduction
  • Ecological engineering for DRR

Block III: Eco-DRR Instruments and Approaches

  • Introduction to instruments and approaches for Eco-DRR
  • Spatial planning tools and approaches for DRR
  • Linking IWRM, ICZM, and Protected area management to DRR
  • Managing ecosystems for urban risk reduction
  • Community-based Ecosystem and Disaster Risk Management

Block IV: Mainstreaming Environment & DRR

  • Mainstreaming Eco-DRR
  • Fundamentals of effective advocacy for Eco-DRR
  • Economics and financing of DRR
  • Risk and crisis management
  • Critical infrastructure and civil protection
Teaching Method Lectures, case studies, educational media, practical and theoretical exercises, role plays, field trip
Assesment Method Report (Case Study Analysis OR Conceptual Review), 100%
Recommended Reading

Birkmann, J. (2006) Measuring vulnerability to promote disaster resilient societies: Conceptual frameworks and definitions. In: Measuring Vulnerability to Natural Hazards, Towards Disaster, Tokyo: UNU PressCavallo, E., I. Noy, S. Galiani & J. Pantano (2010) Catastrophic Natural Disasters and Economic Growth, Inter-American Development Bank, IDB Working Papers Series No. IDB-WP-183.

Estrella, M. & N. Saalismaa (2011) Demonstrating the Role of Ecosystems-based Management for Disaster Risk Reduction. UNISDR GAR Report, 48pp. Geneva: Partnership for Environment and Disaster Risk Reduction

IPCC [Interagency Panel on Climate Change] (2012) Special Report on Managing the Risks of Extreme Events and Disasters to advance Climate Change Adaptation (SREX)

MA [Millennium Ecosystem Assessment] (2005) Ecosystems and human well-being: Current State and Trends, Millennium Ecosystem Assessment Washington: Island Press

Munang, R., J. Liu & I. Thiaw (2009) The Role of Ecosystem Management in Climate Change Adaptation and Disaster Risk Reduction; UNEP, COperhagen Discussion Series 2; http://www.unep.org/climatechange/Portals/5/documents/UNEP-DiscussionSeries_2.pdf

Nehren, U., K. Sudmeier-Rieux, S. Sandholz, M. Lombarda, T. Guillén Bolaños (2014): The Ecosystem-based Disaster Risk Reduction Case Study and Exercise Source Book. CNRD/PEDRR, ISBN: 978-3-00-045844-6; http://pedrr.org/pedrr/wp-content/uploads/2013/09/Eco-DRR-case-study-source-book_final.pdf

Nehren, U., S. Sandholz, W. Lange & K. Sudmeier-Rieux (2015): Landslide risk reduction in the city of Rio de Janeiro. Open online course on environemtal education and wicked problems; Cornell University; https://storify.com/unehren/landslide-risk-reduction-in-the-city-of-rio-de-jan

Renaud, F., Sudmeier-Rieux, K. & M. Estrella (eds.) (2013) The role of ecosystem management in disaster risk reduction. Tokyo: UNU press; http://collections.unu.edu/view/UNU:1995#viewAttachments

Renaud, F., Sudmeier-Rieux, K., M. Estrella & U. Nehren (eds.) (2016) Ecosystem-based disaster risk reduction and adaptation: linking science, policy and practice; Springer, in press

Sudmeier-Rieux, K., H. Masundire, A. Rizvi & S. Rietbergen (eds) (2006) Ecosystems, Livelihoods and Disasters: An integrated approach to disaster risk management. IUCN, Gland, Switzerland and Cambridge, UK. x + 58 pp.

Sudmeier-Rieux, K. & N. Ash (2009) Environmental Guidance Note for Disaster Risk Reduction. IUCN Commission for Ecosystem management series no. 8. Gland, Switzerland.

Turner, B., et al. (2003) A framework for vulnerability analysis in sustainability science. PNAS, 100, 8074-8079.

UNDP [United Nations Development Programme] (2010) Mainstreaming Disaster Risk Reduction into Development at the National Level. A Practical Framework. UNDP Bureau for Crisis Prevention and Recovery.

UNISDR [United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (2005) Hyogo Framework for Action 2005-2015. www.preventionweb.net

UNISDR [United Nations International Strategy for Disaster Reduction (2011) Global Assessment Report, Revealing Risk, Redefining Development. 178pp.

Warner, K., Ranger, N., Surminski, S., Arnold, M. et.al. (2009) Adaptation to climate change: Linking disaster risk reduction and insurance. Geneva: UNISDR.

Version 12.11.2015

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